All posts tagged “Neuroscience

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Traumatic Brain injury impairs small-world topology

ABSTRACT
Objective: We test the hypothesis that brain networks associated with cognitive function shift away from a “small-world” organization following traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Methods: We investigated 20 TBI patients and 21 age-matched controls. Resting-state functional MRI was used to study functional connectivity. Graph theoretical analysis was then applied to partial correlation matrices derived from these data. The presence of white matter damage was quantified using diffusion tensor imaging.

Results: Patients showed characteristic cognitive impairments as well as evidence of damage to white matter tracts. Compared to controls, the graph analysis showed reduced overall connectivity, longer average path lengths, and reduced network efficiency. A particular impact of TBI is seen on a major network hub, the posterior cingulate cortex. Taken together, these results confirm that a network critical to cognitive function shows a shift away from small-world characteristics.

Conclusions: We provide evidence that key brain networks involved in supporting cognitive function become less small-world in their organization after TBI. This is likely to be the result of diffuse white matter damage, and may be an important factor in producing cognitive impairment after TBI. Neurology 2013;80:1826–1833

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2012 KHBM Conference

  2012년도 대한뇌기능매핑학회 추계 학술대회

• 주제: TBSS (tract-based spatial statistics, DTI processing software)
• 일시: 2012년 11월 1일(목) 10:00 ~ 18:00
• 주관: 한양대학교 의용생체공학과 전산뇌영상분석 연구실
• 장소: 한양대학교

• 일시: 2012년 11월 2일(금) 9:30-18:00
• 장소: 서울아산병원 연구관 지하 강당
09:30-09:50 등록
09:50-10:00 환영사
개회사
이동수 회장,
이용호 이사장
10:00-12:00 대한 뇌기능매핑학회 10주년 기념 Symposium:
Past, Present and Future of Brain mapping

– 좌장: 김선일(한양대), 이명철(가천대)
대강당
· 박현욱(KAIST 전기및전자공학과)
The MRI Technology: The Past and Next 10 Years
· 이승구(연세의대 영상의학과)
Functional Brain Mapping in Clinical Radiology
· 정천기(서울의대 신경외과)
Progress and Perspective of Human Brain Mapping
for Neurophysiologic Data
· 강은주(강원대 심리학과)
Functional Neuroimaging in Cognitive Neuroscience:
Yesterday and Today
12:00-12:10 뇌기능매핑학회 공로패 증정
12:10-13:00 점심식사 및 대의원회
13:00-14:00 Poster Session 로비
14:00-15:00 Plenary lecture 좌장 박현욱(KAIST)
– Seiji Ogawa (가천대 뇌과학연구소, Tohoku Fukushi University)
fMRI: From Old Days to the Near Future
대강당
15:00-15:20 coffee break
15:20-17:30 Special talks and Oral Sessions
Methods and Analysis Session 좌장: 이종민(한양대) 
– Special talk: 유 석 (Department of Radiology, MGH,
Harvard Medical School, USA)
Baby MEG for Early Brain Development Study
– Oral presentations
소강당
Clinical and Cognition Research Session 좌장: 김연희(성균관대) 
– Special talk: 이광혁 (Academic Clinical Psychiatry,
University of Sheffield, UK)
Cerebellar Contributions to Timing and Cognitive Processing
– Oral presentations
대강당
17:30-18:00 지멘스 학술상, 뇌기능매핑학회 젊은 연구자상, 우수논문연구상 시상식
경품 추첨 및 폐회
18:00-20:00
뇌기능매핑학회 창립 10주년 기념연회 서울아산병원 스카이라운지

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Effects of bilateral eye movements on gist based false recognition in the DRM paradigm

The effects of saccadic bilateral(horizontal) eye movements on gist based false recognition was investigated. Following exposure to lists of words related to a critical but non-studied word participants were asked to engage in 30s of bilateral vs. vertical vs. no eye movements. Subsequent testing of recognition memory revealed that those who undertook bilateral eye movement were more likely to correctly recognise previously presented words and less likely to falsely recognise critical non-studied associates. This result joins other research in demenstrating the conditions in which false memory effects can be attenuated.

Andrew Parker, Neil Dagnall, “Effects of bilateral eye movements on gist based false recognition in the DRM paradigm“, Journal of Brain and Cognition:10.1016., 2006.

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Q-Ball Imaging

Magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging(DTI) provides a powerful tool for mapping neural histosrchitecture in vivo. However, DTI can only resolve a single fiber orientation within each imaging voxel due to the contraints of the tensor model. For example, DTI cannot resolve fibers crossing, bending, or twisting within an individual voxel. Intravoxel fiber crossing can be resolved using q-space diffusion imaging, but q-space imaging requires large pulsed field gradients and time-intensive sampling. It is also possible to resolve intravoxel fiber crossing using mixture model decompisition of the high angular resolution diffusion imaging(HARDI) signal, but mixture modeling requires a model of the underlying diffusion process.

Recently, it has been shown that the HARDI signal can be reconstructed model-independently using a spherical tomographic inversion called the Funk-Radon transform, also known as the spherical Radon transform. The resulting imaging method, termed q-ball imaging, can resolve multiple intravoxel fiber orientations and does not require any assumptions on the diffusion process such as Gaussianity or mulri-Gaussianity. The present paer reviews the theory of q-ball imaging anddescribed a simple linear matrix formulation for the q-ball reconstruction based on spherical radial basis function interpolation.

David S. Tuch, “Q-Ball Imaging“, Magn Reson Med 52:1358-1372, 2004.

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대한뇌기능매핑학회 2010년 추계 학술대회







 












  대한뇌기능매핑학회 2010년 추계 학술대회
 




일시: 2010년 11월 5일(금) 9:30-17:20
장소: 삼성서울병원 암센터 강당

































09:30-10:00 등록  
10:00-12:00 자유연제 발표
– 좌장: 김재진 교수 (연세의대)
■ Clinical & Basic Studies


암센터 강당
12:00-13:00 점심시간 및 이사회  
13:00-13:10 개회사 정천기 이사장, 박태진 회장
13:10-14:30 Plenary lectures: Connectivity Explored by Human Brain Mapping
– 좌장: 이종두 교수 (연세의대, 전 뇌기능매핑학회장)
■ 김대식 교수 (KAIST)
      ◆ Future of Cortical Columns and Connectivity
■ 정무경 교수 (서울대 뇌인지과학 WCU, Wisconsin University)
      ◆ What DTI can offer to the human brain connectome project
14:30-15:30 포스터 전시 투어 및 coffee break
15:30-17:00 심포지엄: Recent advances in human brain mapping
– 좌장: 박해정 교수 (연세의대)
■ 문원진 교수 (건국의대)
      ◆ Quantitative Imaging in Dementia : Recent Advances
■ 이종식 교수 (울산의대)
      ◆ PET studies for parkinsonian disorders
■ 김남국 교수 (울산의대)
      ◆ Recent Technical Development on MR Spectroscopy and Neuroimage
          Processing ; From NIH Roadmap to AMC Experience
17:00-17:20 시상식 및 폐회  
참고: 주차는 삼성서울병원 암센터 지하 주차장을 이용하시면 됩니다. 학회 등록하신 회원들에 한해 무료 주차권이 발급됩니다. 10시 이후에는 주차공간이 여유롭지 않을 것으로 예상되니 가능하면 10시 이전에 주차하시기 바랍니다.